Ijue Sheria Namba 11 ya Offside, Kuzidi au Kuotea, Offside is one of the laws of association football, codified in Law 11 of the Laws of the Game. Offside position is the place on the field of play where a players is considered to be “offside”, that is, not in the correct position. A player is in an offside position if the player is closer to his opponent’s goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent.
In other words, if there are two players between you and the ball, then you are not offside. To be offside, a player must be positioned ahead of the ball when it is played by a teammate. The position of the player’s own goal line is irrelevant in determining whether or not he is offside.
Ijue Sheria Namba 11 ya Offside, Kuzidi au Kuotea
The law states that a player is in an offside position if any part of his body, except his hands and arms, is in the opponent’s half of the court and closer to the opponent’s goal line than the ball. the last opponent (the last opponent is usually, but not necessarily, the goalkeeper).
Being in an offside position is not an offense in itself, but a player in that position when a teammate plays the ball may be guilty of an offside offense if he receives the ball or “shares the ball”. “will interfere with the opponent”, or “gain advantage” by being in that position.
Mambo Muhimu Kwenye Kutafsiri Offside.
1 Offside position
2 Offside offence
3 Offside sanction
Mambo yanayo mfanya Mchezaji Kuwa Offside
- any part of the head, body or feet is in the opponents’ half (excluding the halfway line) and
- any part of the head, body or feet is nearer to the opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent
The hands and arms of all players, including the goalkeepers, are not considered. For the purposes of determining offside, the upper boundary of the arm is in line with the bottom of the armpit.
A player is not in an offside position if level with the:
- second-last opponent or
- last two opponents
Mambo yanayo mfanya Mchezaji Kukamatwa kwenye mtego wa kuotea (Offside Offence)
A player in an offside position at the moment the ball is played or touched* by a team-mate is only penalised on becoming involved in active play by:
- interfering with play by playing or touching a ball passed or touched by a team-mate or
- interfering with an opponent by:
- preventing an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball by clearly obstructing the opponent’s line of vision or
- challenging an opponent for the ball or
- clearly attempting to play a ball which is close when this action impacts on an opponent or
- making an obvious action which clearly impacts on the ability of an opponent to play the ball
- gaining an advantage by playing the ball or interfering with an opponent when it has:
- rebounded or been deflected off the goalpost, crossbar or an opponent
- been deliberately saved by any opponent
A player in an offside position receiving the ball from an opponent who deliberately plays the ball, including by deliberate handball, is not considered to have gained an advantage, unless it was a deliberate save by any opponent.
A “Stop” is when a player stops, or attempts to stop, the ball entering or very close to the goal with any part of the body other than the hands/arms (unless the goalkeeper is inside the danger zone).
In cases where:
- a player who steps out or stands in an offside position is in the opponent’s path and interferes with the opponent’s movement towards the ball. This is an offside offense if it affects the opponent’s ability to play or contest the ball; if a player interferes with an opponent’s path and impedes the opponent’s progress (e.g. blocking the opponent), the offense must be penalized under Law 12
- A player in an offside position moves towards the ball with the intention of playing it and is fouled before playing or attempting to play the ball, or challenging an opponent with the ball, the foul is called as it was before the offside offence.
- A foul is committed against a player in an offside position who is already playing or attempting to play the ball, or challenging an opponent for the ball, the offside foul is called as it occurred before the foul was contested.
There is no offside offence if a player receives the ball directly from:
- a goal kick
- a throw-in
- a corner kick
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